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Government is aiming at collecting at least Shs 16.35 trillion to support the estimates in the 2018/19 Shs 32.7 trillion year budget presented on Thursday afternoon.

Part of this, totalling Shs 15.9 trillion will be raised from the new tax measures which will come into effect at the beginning of July. The remaining Shs 420 billion will be raised from non-tax revenue sources.

The new tax measures include Shs 200 daily levy on each person using social media platforms like WhatsApp, Facebook, Viber and Skype among others, a 1 per cent excise duty on each mobile money transaction, a Shs 200 levy on every litre of cooking oil and Shs 100 on every litre of diesel and petrol.

Finance minister Matia Kasaija

The other measures include a duty of Shs 650 levied on each litre of opaque beer, Shs 1500 per litre on ready to drink spirits and Shs 200 for every litre of non-alcoholic beverages with the exception of fruit or vegetable juices among others.

To generate more revenues, Finance minister Matia Kasaija says Uganda Revenue Authority (URA) will, among other things, pursue tax evaders, heighten business intelligence, expand tax system management, enhance tax arrears management, combat smuggling, establish container scanners, and increase post-clearance audits.

However, although the budget swelled up to 32.7 per cent, it worsens the country's debt burden as 50 per cent of its financing will be from borrowing and grants. 

Kasaija says that the government expects to raise Shs 7.73 trillion through external financing Shs 6.14 trillion from loans, Shs 1.5 trillion from grants and Shs 1.78 trillion from domestic borrowing. This implies that collections by URA constitute roughly 50 per cent, leaving a deficit of 50 per cent, which will be filled by borrowing.

Donor budget support will be a miserly 289 billion shillings, while appropriations in aid, which is revenues collected by government departments, will be 1.3 percent.

Although the Finance minister said Uganda's debt to GDP ratio is still at 38.1 per cent and still sustainable, because it is still below the 50 per cent danger zone, borrowing 50 per cent to finance the budget will worsen the public debt.

As of March 2018, Uganda's debt burden was $10.5bn, and since there have been more borrowing since March, the debt burden is higher than the 10.5-billion-dollar point. Out of the budget, Kasaija says Shs 5.2 trillion will be for domestic debt refinancing but is silent on external debt refinancing.

According to the 2018/19 budget framework paper, Shs 10.6 trillion, nearly one-third of the budget, will be for debt repayment. If Shs 5.2 trillion is for domestic refinancing, then it means Shs 5.4 trillion will be for external refinancing.

On tax administration, Kasaija says non-tax revenues will be the mandate of URA, warning that accounting officers who will collect non tax revenues (NTRs) and fail to remit to URA will be treated as defaulters.
According to Kasaija, the government has earmarked to invest in tax administration measures so as to improve the capacity of URA to implement the current tax laws and enforce taxpayer compliance.
The budget presents several incentives to promote both domestic and foreign investment including incentives for investments in the development of industrial parks or free zones, the establishment of new factories, and development of hotels and tourist facilities.

Sector allocations

In the budget, the total recurrent expenditure stands at Shs 9.4 trillion while development expenditure is estimated at Shs 13.1 trillion. The additional Shs 10.1 trillion is classified as statutory expenditure. At least Shs 24 trillion of the total will be mobilized from domestic sources and Shs 7 trillion from external support.

Works and Transport sector is taking a lion's share of the budget at Shs 4.8 trillion, Shs 1 trillion above last year's allocation.  The education sector funding now stands at Shs 2.4 trillion on the same footing with the Energy ministry. The health sector will get an allocation of Shs 2.2 trillion while local governments will collectively share Shs 3 trillion. 

According to the budget, at least Shs 1.5 trillion will be spent on public sector management, Shs 1.4 trillion Swill be spent on security, and Shs 1.2 trillion will go the Justice Law and Order sector. The ministry of Agriculture will receive Shs 862 billion, the Ministry of Water and Environment will take Shs 595 billion and the Legislature will receive an allocation of Shs 459 billion.

6 days 2 hours ago

Members of parliament have expressed mixed reactions over President Yoweri Museveni’s directive to the police and courts to desist from granting bond and bail to suspected murderers.

Museveni who was speaking shortly after the reading of the FY 2018/19 national budget last Thursday, said he had been provoked enough, and, he did not want to hear that suspected killers whom he described as ‘pigs and idiots’ who kill Ugandans have been released on police bonds and court bails.


The presidential directive comes on the heels of rampant murders that have rocked the country, the latest being the assassination of Arua Municipality MP (retired) Col. Ibrahim Abiriga. A section of legislators welcomed the presidential directive saying hardcore criminals especially murder suspects were taking advantage of bail to sometimes escape justice.

President Museveni

Some legislators The Observer spoke to however argued that Museveni’s directive sounded dictatorial, goes against the law, and that, if implemented, would lead to denial of human rights as well as lead to increased costs of maintaining inmates among others.

MPs reactions

Buyaga West MP Barnabas Tinkasimire

President Museveni talked much for the public gallery, to clap and please him. Removing bail means he is a judge and that is not his work. You cannot say that; I am removing bail and bond, which are constitutional matters. If he were interested in removing the bond and bail, he would have proposed this amendment together with the so-called age limit amendment.

His major interest was removing age limit to keep in power for life not to remove bond and bail. He should not deceive Ugandans that has never been his interest. He only says it for public consumption.


Secondly, he also knows that there are procedures why a judge grants bail - we follow the law, which presumes any suspect not guilty until proven. So now, you have no sufficient evidence, you even don’t want people you have put in courts to get bail, you want people to rot in jail?..He found bail there; he is going to leave it there. He found bond there, he is going to leave bond there.

Manjiya MP John Baptist Nambeshe

The president could have been emotional like all of us are after the loss of our beloved colleague Col [Ibrahim] Abiriga. This is the president ,32 years down the road, who would not be expected to be degenerating, suspending or making such a directive. Such a directive is a decree omniscient of Iddi Amin’s regime and it would be dictatorial in tendency and I wouldn’t expect him at this level to say that.

He has been a promoter of the rule of law; he cannot be a violator of the same. Even if it were a proposal brought to parliament to amend the constitution to remove bond and bail for even bail-able offences, very few members of parliament who are sober would support such a thing because it would be dictatorship of the highest order.

Mpigi woman MP Sarah Temulanda Nakawunde

Those suspects in most cases are innocent. When investigations are ongoing, there are always many people that are arrested but without bond or bail, it will lead to the prison facilities to be congested and government is going to spend a lot of money on feeding the inmates which also means the money allocated to prisons will not be enough to maintain them.

I don’t think it will be the best way to handle the current insecurity situation in the country.

Rwampara MP Charles Ngabirano

I think he said that out of anger. In the current situation, we are all annoyed, but of course, it has to be backed by law. It cannot not work legally unless we have amended the relevant laws.

However, we should also have the state institutions investigate cases very quickly and establish whether the persons who should not be given bail are the right people because you can arrest and imprison innocent people who will end up taking government to court for litigation.


So, I think we need to have a balance between what we do as government agencies and how we handle culprits if they are found to be the exact ones.

Mawogola South MP Joseph Ssekabito

I feel police bond can work because the commander in chief has given it out but when it comes to court bail it becomes another issue. It needs parliament to come back and amend the constitution on that issue.

We cannot let magistrates, judges do their work without laws and it is upon parliament now to go and look at that very issue of court bail, change it so that it can suit this environment of Uganda.

Nansana Municipality MP Robert Kasule Ssebunya

The president’s remarks on security are at the laxity within this democratic country. For people who have murdered others shouldn’t be given freedom to even interfere with the investigations or even delay prosecution.

Kakumiro Woman MP Robinah Nabbanja

I wish he had seen it yesterday, because this has been like an incubator for criminals. We have incubated them enough. I think enough is enough. The president has said this and I believe the country shall have some relief.

Mawokota South MP John Bosco Lubyayi

If you see that peace is deteriorating, I think you have to change some methods. The issue of 48 hours especially for those criminal cases may not be very tenable at certain times. If the president said I think we need to change the 48 hours confinement in prisons, somehow we can support him.

6 days 2 hours ago

State Minister for Internal Affairs Mario Obiga Kania has said he does not know why the former inspector general of police Gen Kale Kayihura is being held.

General Kayihura was arrested on Wednesday from his home in Kasagama, Lyantonde district on the directives of the UPDF chief of defence forces Gen David Muhoozi. He was flown in a UPDF helicopter to Mbuya army headquarters and referred to Makindye Military Barracks for interrogation on matters that the says are still unspecified.

According to security sources, Kayihura has been linked to the recent spate of crimes in the country, including the murder of former police spokesperson Andrew Felix Kaweesi last year. Now, minister Kania said he does not know why Kayihura is in detention. Instead, he advised journalists to find out from 'the people who arrested him'
"I don't know, ask the people who picked him," said Kania. 
Kayihura who was sacked by President Yoweri Museveni in March has been criticized for failing to address insecurity leading to a number of high profile murders, kidnaps and robbers in the country. He had been at the helm of the police force since 2005.

It's during his tenure, that a senior police officer, Kaweesi was gunned down alongside his bodyguard and driver in Kulambiro, a suburb of Kampala. 

Also killed during the same time was state prosecutor Joan Kagezi, Major Muhammad Kiggundu, and several Muslim clerics, shot in parts of Kampala, Wakiso and Mayuge. During his reign, a number of women were murdered in Wakiso district is suspected serial killings. 


Government chief whip Ruth Nankabirwa recently said Kayihura had been arrested for crimes committed during his leadership as IGP.

6 days 2 hours ago

Government is considering electrifying the fence of the newly constructed Entebbe expressway to stop vandalism of road furniture, President Yoweri Museveni has said. 

While commissioning the Kampala-Entebbe expressway at Mpala toll station in Wakiso district on Friday evening, Museveni said electrifying the fence will help minimise the burden of maintaining vandalised road furniture. The function was also graced by Wang Yang, chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.

Museveni said cameras will also be installed to ease monitoring of activities along the road. The equipment usually vandalised according to the Uganda National Roads Authority (Unra) includes guard rails and road signs.

The president also reminded motorists who wish to use the road that; they will have to pay a yet-to-be determined amount of money, because the expressway was built as a toll road under the public-private partnership. He said Ugandans are so used to free things, but this time, they will have to pay if they want to use the road. 
The tolling section, according to Unra, measures 25km running from Busega through Kajjansi to Abayita Ababiri (Mpala).
Gen Edward Katumba Wamala, the state Minister for Works, said the toll fee will be fixed after enactment of the Road Toll Bill. Road tolling is a form of road pricing on either a public or private roadway, typically implemented to help recover the cost of road construction and maintenance.
Wang is optimistic that the road will boost industrialisation in Uganda since it would reduce time goods spend in transit from Entebbe to Kampala. Wang said with the expressway, the time from Entebbe airport to Kampala will be reduced from the current two hours to 45 minutes.
The 49.56km highway connects Kampala city to Entebbe International Airport was constructed with a loan of up to $476 million (about Shs 1.8 trillion) from the Exim Bank of China constructed by the China Communication Construction Company (CCCC).
According to the findings of Committee of Statutory Authorities and State Enterprises (COSASE), the road has cost Uganda $9.2 million per kilometre - over and above the average cost $2 million per kilometre within the East African region in Kenya, Ethiopia and Rwanda.

Meanwhile, motorcyclists, cyclists and pedestrians will not be allowed to use the newly constructed road when it is officially opened.

Government says it will put up four more expressways including Kampala-Jinja expressway, Kampala-Busunju expressway, Kampala-Busega-Mpigi expressway, Kampala outer belt and Kampala-Bombo expressway.

These, government says will enhance efficient passenger and freight operations, improve mobility, reduce travel times, vehicle operating costs and accident rates.

6 days 2 hours ago

Ronald Kiwanuka used to survive on his tailoring business which involved going to people’s homes around Gogonya village, Kibiga sub-county, Kiboga district and ask for work.

His family suffered whenever he couldn’t find jobs. Then his legs got swollen whenever he covered long distances or sat for long. This made running the manual sewing machine hard.


But now he is all praises for the Social Assistance Grants for Empowerment (SAGE). Kiwanuka’s welfare has improved; he can now take care of his extended family which includes a 91-year-old mother.      

At 71, Kiwanuka has been receiving this unconditional monthly grant of Shs 25,000 from the government to selected persons aged 65 years and above.

“Although the money looks small, I use it for farming. As you can see, I’m becoming weaker every year; so, at least I can promise these young men who do the weeding that I will pay them and they work for me,” he said.


Kiwanuka said he now cultivates seven acres, up from four acres. As for Teresa Namuli, 80, the money has helped keep her grandchildren in school; most of them had dropped out of school, not because there was no school fees but because they did not have what to eat at school.

“We have a government primary school here and the head teacher allowed them to study free after I told him my situation and with my advanced age. He accepted but on condition that I raise some money to feed these children,” she said.

The two senior citizens are part of the 4,700 active beneficiaries of the programme in Kiboga where SAGE was piloted in 2011 and leaders say up to Shs 8.7 billion has been disbursed to beneficiaries in the district.

Sarah Nakarungi, the chief administrative officer here, said Kiboga was one of the pioneer districts to get the grant funded through a partnership between the government, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the Republic of Ireland through Irish Aid.


“The SAGE programme in this district was launched in 2011 after an understanding between the ministry of Gender and the district, and effective from 2017, we introduced the Regional Technical Support Unit operation model,” she said.

“Kiboga is the regional technical unit providing support to five SAGE districts of Kyankwanzi, Kibaale, Nakasongola, Nakaseke and host Kiboga.”

Parliamentarians under Uganda Parliamentary Forum for Social Protection visited on May 29 and heard Nakarungi say how SAGE has improved senior citizens’ welfare.

“We have seen an uptake of health services; for instance, they are able to pay boda boda to access health centres, they could not go to hospital because they did not have transport means,” she said.

Israel Yiga, the district’s chairperson, said food security has improved in beneficiary households: they can hire labour to cultivate, purchase seeds and some foodstuffs.

“This, although minimal, is boosting the local economy with the cash. Also, we see some traders position strategically during payment days,” he said.


Kiwanuka sees the main challenge being delayed payment which makes it hard to plan.

“We promise our boys who do the weeding that we will pay at the end of the month only for the money to delay up to six and even nine months. We find ourselves stuck with our farms as some will not come back after a month without pay,” he said.


Kiwanuka also complains about long distances to pay centres. He uses up to Shs 7,000 to go and receive Shs 25,000. Namuli said that previously the money was sent to mobile phones but people kept forgetting passwords or their relatives could withdraw their money without their consent.

By the time parliamentarians visited, these senior citizens were just receiving their November and December grants from 2017.

Cash on wheels

When government and donors realised that senior citizens were being robbed or had trouble with passwords, they contracted Post Bank to deliver the money to the nearest village. 

Albert Barekye, the general manager, operations, at Post Bank, says that now beneficiaries get paid at the nearest sub-county headquarters.

“We registered them and simply use biometric data and fingerprints. In few minutes they can access their money,” he said.

Government take

Peace Mutuuzo, the state minister for Gender and Culture Affairs, said the main challenge is shortfall in the budget and unpredictable releases arising from fluctuating domestic revenue.

She said this is why delayed payments can run up to five months.


“Nonetheless, I am glad to inform you that for the current financial year, 87 per cent of the SAGE money has been released and a supplementary budget to cater for the funding gap has been approved,” she said.

1 week 4 days ago

Kampala. The Opposition Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) party have asked President Museveni to apologise to Ugandans over the murder of Arua Municipality Member of Parliament Ibrahim Abiriga and others who have died in a similar manner.

Addressing journalists at the party headquarters in Najjanankumbi, Kampala, yesterday, the party deputy secretary general, Mr Harold Kaija, said the President has been issuing careless statements every time such murders happen and no one has ever been convicted for the same.
“The President has failed in his duty of protecting the citizens. He promised to secure CCTV cameras and several other modern equipment to fight murder in the country but all in vain. When Abiriga died, he called those who killed him pigs and senseless but these are the same people terrorising Ugandans,” Mr Kaija said.

He added: “President Museveni should admit failing to provide security to citizens and seek knowledge from the Opposition on how to end crime in the country instead of blaming it on other people.”
Abiriga and his brother Saidi Buga Kongo were last Friday gunned down a few metres from their home in Kawanda near Kampala by unknown assailants.
During yesterday’s press briefing, FDC also denied being part of the chaos in Arua Municipality on Sunday evening after the body of Abiriga and his brother arrived for burial.

Arua RDC Peter Debele accused the Opposition of staging the protest, which saw mourners confiscate the two caskets containing the remains of Abiriga and his brother as well as destroying the chairs and tents that were meant for guests.
However, FDC yesterday said Arua residents were protesting the manner in which their sons were killed and they had kept their anger for a long time.

1 week 4 days ago

In an address to journalists on May 30, Government Chief Whip Ruth Nankabirwa claimed that some of the 27 ruling party MPs who opposed the lifting of the presidential age limit had approached her with apologies.

While Nankabirwa declined to name names, she said the group had asked her to fix an appointment for them to meet President Museveni and further say sorry.

1 week 4 days ago
Police has opened up investigations against four people believed to have incited or participated in the assassination of Arua municipality member of parliament Col Ibrahim Abiriga last week.

They include Mukono municipality MP Betty Nambooze, on the basis of a video in which she explains how easy it is to attack Abiriga even with his bodyguards all around him. A source privy to the ongoing investigations told URN that Nambooze was being investigated for inciting violence.

MP Nambooze (in red) attempts to remove Col Ibrahim Abiriga's cap last year. Police is investigating Nambooze for inciting violence against Abiriga The second file is opened against Nasser Mugerwa, who sent out an audio recording claiming responsibility for Abiriga's assassination. Mugerwa details how they used crime preventers that have been trained by the government to kill Abiriga and that many other supporters of the ruling party National Resistance Movement (NRM) who backed the age limit amendment bill are on the waiting list.

He listed MPs Evelyn Anite, Ruth Nankabirwa, Simeo Nsubuga and Raphael Magyezi as the next possible targets. Mugerwa also threatened President Yoweri Museveni and his son Muhoozi Kainerugaba.

"All of you who touched on the constitution, you will pay. Even you Museveni and your son Muhoozi we are following you step by step," Mugerwa says in the audio which is making rounds on social media.

The third file is against one Jane Kuli, whose facebook post on May 24, 2018, 'foretold' that Abiriga would die in the first week of June. (Editors note: It's highly likely that the post was conveniently edited after Abiriga's murder last week). 

The fourth file is against a Ugandan based in Sweden known by the pet name Peng Peng who circulated a video this morning stating that Museveni and the NRM were behind the murder of Abiriga.

With the exception of Nambooze, the three others are looked at as persons of interest in the murder of Abiriga and his brother Saidi Buga Congo. The two were gunned down on Friday evening in Kawanda, Wakiso District.

"Someone like Mugerwa, he has gone on record and confessed to being behind the assassination. We have to bring him in and find out what he knows. The rest will be subject to investigations," the officer who preferred anonymity said.

1 week 4 days ago

President Yoweri Museveni has said a political decision he undertook together with the 6th parliament to focus investment in road construction and power generation has spurred economic growth of the country to admirable levels.

According to Museveni, in the coming financial year 2018/2019, Uganda’s growth will be at 5.8% and this will rise even further to 7% per annum in financial year 2019/2020.

President Museveni

Delivering his State of the Nation Address at the International Conference Centre at Kampala Serena hotel, Museveni said he’s not surprised just as Harvard University of USA predicted that the country’s economic growth will be among the fastest in the world by 2026. What surprised him, Museveni said, was was that Uganda would be the first or the second fastest growing economy in the whole world.

Museveni said that  that growth is all because of the decision taken in 2001 to invest more in roads and electricity. Tarmacked roads, he said are not a luxury but a necessity for farmers to transport their produce to markets just as electricity is important for industries. He boasted that almost all roads to all corners of Uganda are tarmacked. 


“Many people do not know how the economy grows although many pass themselves out as experts. These investments in the roads and in electricity along the earlier decision of strengthening the army are beginning to result in the resumption of our usual high growth rates which had been interfered with by the shortage of electricity and more recently by the drought,” Museveni said.

He said, though the agriculture sector is growing slowly, efforts are underway to boost it through irrigation hence a number of irrigation schemes are to be worked on in the coming financial year which commences July 1.

Museveni however supported encroachment on wetlands by constructing more factories on grounds that such factories create job opportunities to youths compared to the farming of yams or cassava in those wetlands.

“Yes they are building in swamps, that is a problem but a factory in the swamp is better than cassava. I totally agree that [the environment] should be conserved. It shouldn’t have happened but Katonda [God] gyali [is there],” Museveni added.


Contradicting himself immediately on the same issue, Museveni said “These factories and service companies employ 600,000 people for factories and 1.2m [people] for the service companies. Indeed as you drive on Gulu road as I did recently and Jinja road you will see quite a number of these new factories that have been built recently,” Museveni said.


Museveni said he will set up an Inspection Unit under State House and it will be responsible for monitoring implementation of government programmes. The unit he said will be comprised of James Tweheyo, Martha Asiimwe and Sister Akiror. And since the Inspector General of Government seems not be working, Museveni urged Ugandans to report corruption cases to this unit. 

"What happened to the IGG? Why don’t the victims of corruption report those incidents to the office of the IGG?


That was the purpose of that office; to protect the public from corrupt officials; to protect the investors against corrupt officials. The IGG should reflect on this. Are her staff credible? Why does the public not trust that institution? We need answers." said Museveni. 

As she invited the president to deliver his speech, speaker of parliament Rebecca Kadaga expressed dismay that parliament did not perform as expected in its second year, which affected the business which the legislators were supposed to dispose of.

She attributed the unfinished business to the prolonged consultation period by the MPs on the Constitutional Amendment Bill No. 2 famously known as age limit bill which lifted the presidential age limits.

The consultation on the age limit bill stretched from September 2017 when the motion was tabled to December 20th when the bill was passed into law.

Among other reasons that contributed to the poor performance according to Kadaga, was lack of cooperation amongst the MPs on their respective committees and the absenteeism of the ministers from the parliament sittings that have always seen the proceedings extended due to lack of answers from responsible ministers.

Kadaga however warned that her office was in the process of naming and shaming legislators and ministers that keep dodging parliament work for which they were elected (legislators) and appointed (ministers) into those positions.

“Parliament is not just an address; it is a place [where] the work of people must be handled effectively. Since the first and second session, a number of ministers and members have been warned but effective this season- the third session the process of naming and shaming is about to commence and that is the last resort,” Kadaga said.

2 weeks 2 days ago

This is a slightly abridged State of Nation Address that President Museveni read out today at the Conference Centre, Serena hotel.

Madam Speaker, in fulfillment of the Constitutional requirement under article 101 (1) of the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, I am here to deliver the State of the Nation Address, 2018.


Greetings to all Ugandans and congratulations on reaching the mid-year of 2018. In the Book of Galatians, Chapter 6, Verse 7, it says:“Be not deceived. God cannot be mocked. A man reaps what he sows” By financial year 2005/2006, our tax revenue collections per annum, were standing at Shs. 2.23 trillion.

President Museveni delivering the State of Nation Address at Serena hotel. Photos: Nicholas Bamulanzeki

At that time, an understanding had been reached between some branches of the government and the development partners to the effect that the government of Uganda should concentrate on handling the recurrent budget (salaries, etc.), while the development partners would handle the development budget (roads, electricity, the railways, etc).

That arrangement was already landing us in problems. Towards the end of 2005 and as we were heading towards the elections of 2006, the country was plunged into the crisis of what came to be called “Load-shedding” ─ the acute shortage of electricity.


Since 1986, only the British had helped us with the repair and upgrade of the Owen Falls dam from the miserable 60MW to 180MW. Since the economy had grown 6.6 times since the low level of 1986, that 180 mgws was no longer enough. Yet, as our Baganda people say, “Omugo oguli ku murirano, tegugoba engo” ─ (the stick in your neighbour’s house cannot help you to fight off a leopard).

It is too far to help you. That is when I sat down with my NRM colleagues in the cabinet and the caucus, in a retreat in Statistics House, to discuss this very serious problem. I proposed to the 2 fora the step of taking on the development budget of the country and also focusing on the roads and electricity.

The budget for the roads was raised from Shs 398 billion to Shs. 3,442 billions. It now stands at Shs. 4,786 billion per annum. The budget for electricity was raised from Shs. 178 billion to Shs. 2,858 billions. It now stands at Shs 2.77 trillion per annum.

As a consequence, we now have tarmac roads to almost all the corners of Uganda: Nimule; Oraba; Musingo; Vurra; Lwakhakha soon; Malaba; Busia; Busuunga, beyond Bundibugyo; Mpondwe; Mutukula; Muroongo on the Kagyera river; Mirama hill; Katuna; Cyanika and Bunagana.

Radiating from Kampala, tarmac roads are now connecting all those points. The distance between Cyanika and Oraba is 1,048Kms (655miles), all of it connected by a tarmac road, from Kisoro district to Koboko. With electricity, all the district headquarters, except for Kaabong and Buvuma, have now been reached by the electricity wires.

The generation capacity of Uganda will soon be 2,216 megawatts, once Isimba, Karuma and many of the mini-hydros are completed. Much of this work has been done by the Uganda Government money. 58% of the roads, for instance, have been done or are being done by the Government of Uganda money.


We are, of course, also grateful to the development partners for their contributions. Some of the roads have been done with their support. “Otamanya ishekooko, ati eriibwa n’ebyooya” (the uninformed, thinks that people eat the Turkey with its feathers).


Many people do not know how the economy grows, although many pass themselves out as “experts”. These investments in the roads and electricity, along with the earlier decision (2001) of strengthening the Army, are beginning to result in the resumption of our usual high growth rates which had been interfered with by the shortage of electricity and, more recently, the drought. This year, for instance, the economy will grow by 5.8% per annum.

This will rise to over 7% per annum by the financial year 2019/2010. Indeed, a Centre at Havard, in the USA, recently predicted that Uganda will be one of the fastest growing economies in the world by 2026 or thereabout. I was not surprised by that prediction.

Ministers listening to the address 

What surprised me was that Uganda would be the first or the second fastest growing economy in the whole world. The fact that our economy would grow fast, however, was not surprising for me given the deliberate steps we have taken to lay the foundation.

When we say that the economy is growing reasonably well, we mean that the four sectors are growing well. Indeed, industry grew at 6.2% per annum, services at 7.3%, ICT at 7.9% and agriculture at 3.2%. As you can see, it is only agriculture that is still growing slowly.


Fortunately, we have or will soon have the necessary boosters for agriculture. These will be the use of fertilizers by more Ugandan farmers than at present and the farmers will use more irrigation.

In the coming financial year, theGovernment will work on the following irrigation schemes using the government budget: (i) Doho phase II in Butalejja district; (ii) Mubuku phase II in Kasese district; (iii) Wadelai in Nebbi district; (iv) Tochi in Oyam district; (v) Ngenge in Oyam district; (vi) Atari (Bulambuli and Kween); (vii) Katete in Kanungu district; (viii) Kawumu in Luwero district; (ix) Amagoro (Tororo district); (x) Nabigaga (Kamuli district); (xi) Rwimi (Kasese and Kabarole district); (xii) Nyimur (Lamwo); (xiii) Musamya (Kayunga); (xiv) Kibimba (Gomba); (xv) Kabuyanda (Isingiro); (xvi) Matanda (Isingiro); and (xvii) Igogero-Naigombwa (Iganga and Bugiri).

In order to roll-out a global irrigation system for the whole country, we are encouraging industrialists to set up assembly or manufacturing plants for solar-powered water pumps. Some of these pumps and water conveyance systems, will be used in government funded irrigation schemes.

Others, however, will be used by the farmers at their own cost. I encourage all the capable farmers to, at their own cost, go into irrigation.


With the building of our phosphate fertilizer plant in Tororo, Uganda, which at 2.5kgs per hectare has one of the lowest rates of fertilizer use, will now stir itself up to use more fertilizers. We are looking for an additional investor to blend the phosphates with nitrogen and potassium in order to formulate NPK (Nitrogen, phosphates and potassium).

With the use of NPK, production will go up by 30%. With higher rates of agricultural growth, the overall rate of growth will go up. Within the industrial rate of growth, I would like to single-out the sector of construction. This grew by 12.5% annually. This is not surprising given the respective efforts of the government and the private sector in the areas of road and houses construction.

All this is happening before we implement our invigorated effort to ensure import substitution. You remember last year, I told you how rich Ugandans and other Africans are, already. In the case of Uganda, we spend about US dollars 7 billion a year in terms of imports. Importing what?

Importing the shoes, clothes, carpets, textiles, furniture units, pharmaceuticals, electronic equipments, perfumes, soaps, wines, cars, pikipikis (motorcycles), etc., etc. Since some time ago, we have told our people that they can manufacture or process most of these here.

That is how we have started the process of supporting the youth and the women groups that are already engaged in those activities or are about to be engaged in those activities. This will save our foreign exchange, create more money for us, but also create jobs for our youth.


Hence, many of our unemployed youth can be transformed into property owners, job creators and also employ themselves. Since we talked about this in last year’s State of the Nation Address, 4,525 girls have already been assisted to engage in: knitting, shoe-making, weaving, tailoring, bakery and embroidery, while 6 groups have been assisted in furniture-making and 10 in welding.

As of now, these groups may be making items for import-substitution. In time, however, they will make items for exports. While this effort is aimed at recruiting many of our youth from agriculture or from the urban informal sector (jua kali) into small scale industry activities, the bigger foreign and local investors have already helped us to attract and locate in Uganda 44,316 factories and 8,200 service companies.

These employ 600,000 and 1.2 million people, respectively. Indeed, as you drive on Gulu road, as I did recently, or along Jinja road, you will see quite a number of new factories that have been built recently.

In the coming days, the Minister of Finance will announce the financial support we intend to give to the groups that wish to join the manufacturing in the form of the enhanced micro-finance efforts and the Innovation in addition to the Women Fund, the Youth Fund and Operation Wealth Creation Fund.

With enough electricity, the improved roads and security, we are surer of success than we have ever been. Through enhanced micro-finance, we are going to solve one of the bottlenecks ─ absence of low-interest money for manufacturing.

The privatization of Commercial Banks failed to solve the problem of high interest-rates. We are going to solve it using the route of the enhanced micro-finance and the r boute of the more capitalized Uganda Development Bank (UDB).


These institutions should be able to give loans to manufacturers, processors and commercial agriculture at interest rates of 12% or thereabout per annum. One of the stimuli for faster economic growth, is the low cost of doing business in the economy.

With the refinancing of Bujagali and a better deal for managing the transmission of electricity, we shall achieve the low cost of electricity per unit, added to the low cost of money mentioned above. That leaves the low cost of transport as our next target.

Although we have done so much on the roads, by the end of this financial year, (we shall have a total length of 6,027 kms that are tarmacked), the roads are only good for passengers.

They travel comfortably and fast; sometimes, too fast for their own safety as we have seen with so many fatal accidents, recently. Nevertheless, cost for road transport remains high if you compare it with rail and water transport. God gave us the possibility of water transport with so many Lakes (Nalubaale, Mwitanzigye, Masyooro, Butuumbi-Rutshuru, Kyoga) and Kiira (the River Nile).

These are the Ugandan names for Lakes: Victoria, Albert, George and Edward. This potential is always there and, as we get investors, the potential will turn into capacity. That leaves the issue of the railway. We are going to build the Standard Gauge Railway.

We are only continuing to refine the issues of cost and quality with the partners we are talking with. Before I leave the subject of the economy, I cannot forget to talk about the commercialization of Agriculture, especially for the 68% homesteads that are still in subsistence and that are a big source of our poverty.

68% are not active in the economy and they are just by-standers. This has been one of the battles I have been fighting since 1966, for the last 52 years.

I do not accept to live with neighbours that are stuck in poverty. I patiently educate them until they are able to join the gospel of wealth creation through production. I started the battle in the cattle corridor in 1966 ─ end of year. With my late colleague, Mwesigwa - Black, we sensitized the nomadic Banyankore as to the need to become sedentary and, later, join the dairy industry.

This effort, by 1995, in spite of the 20 years interruption on account of the political chaos in the country, had succeeded beyond our wildest imagination. In Kiruhura district alone, there are 6,000 dairy farmers, producing 800,000 litres of milk per day today.

The total production of milk in Uganda went from 200million litres to 2.5billion litres per annum, thereby liberating Uganda from depending on imported powdered milk and, actually, becoming an exporter of milk and milk products to the tune of $13 0million per annum.

Recently, on account of the laxity by the veterinary staff and also the carelessness of the farmers themselves, we have had the problem of tick resistance to acaricides. We shall, however, use science to defeat this problem. Our scientists are working on it.

Having confirmed that villagers can be enlightened into becoming commercial farmers in the dairy sector, during the whole of 1995, I travelled throughout the country and preached the gospel of wealth-creation. Unfortunately, many leaders are never bothered with substance of leadership.

They spend a lot of time on Public Relations (PR) and no time on substance. The PR is attending church services, weddings, burials, etc.

In the end, however, real mobilization is helping the people to solve the problem of wealth creation, jobs, health, education for their children by directing them to wealth creation so that they can support the education of their children themselves, the infrastructure of roads and security.

Having shared my pilot project with the rest of the country, I was hopeful that my colleagues would take advantage of my experience. Some did. Recently, I invited the Inter-religious Council to visit some areas that have woken up: Ibaanda, Kiruhuura, Kalungu and Masaka.

They were able to see for themselves that poverty in the rural areas can be defeated. The Ibaanda, Kalungu and Masaka areas had relied on coffee to defeat poverty. Kiruhuura had relied on dairy. There are other areas like Bundibugyo that are, unfortunately, being disturbed by the artificial issue of identity (Bakonjo vs Baamba – Babwisi).

Otherwise, through cocoa, palm oil, coffee, vanilla and up-land rice, that area was becoming very prosperous. As I was waiting for my colleagues to absorb the message of transformation, since I am always allergic to poverty among my neighbours, I launched directly managed programmes in the Kisozi area and Kawumu in Luwero.

The President’s office is also running a number of Model Parishes. In Kisozi, I have 1700 homesteads in nine villages. As I speak, 1400 of the homesteads have joined the effort of commercial farming through coffee, bananas, beans, maize and zero-grazing of cattle.

I, however, notice that the coffee yield and returns per acre are still low. I do not know why. In the Masaka area, the yield per acre per annum is 2,700Kgs that bring in Shs.18.9 million per annum. In the Kawumu area, the Mawale Parish has got 1,188 homesteads.

Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) has handled 341 homesteads and State House has handled 292 homesteads. Information on Mawale and Nsanvu parishes is attached in annexes II. The leaders should be informed that this is the correct way of seeking durable popularity and not confining yourselves to Public Relation (PR) and spontaneity. The latter, in the end, will evaporate.


The leaders and the CAOs must plan per parish to involve, in phases, eventually, all the homesteads. One of the problems I have been informing the leaders about, including the community leaders, is the issue of land fragmentation through indisciplined inheritance practices.

This will cause a big problem for the country if we do not copy what the Europeans did in order to guard against this phenomenon. The use of shares (emigabo) for inheritance is better than the physical fragmentation of land and property.

Fortunately, science is developing so fast that we may, in future, not need soil to produce crops. In fact, somebody told me that soil was an inconvenience because it harbours crop diseases. That what is crucial is water, which we should do everything possible to protect.

They call this hydroponics agriculture ─ crops without soil, but with fresh water. The political leaders, the cultural leaders, the religious leaders need to know that there are strategic issues we need to grasp clearly for the survival and prosperity of our people. Riding on an uninformed population is criminal.


As our industrialization is progressing, our scientists are also making their own contribution. That is why we put in place the Innovation Fund. Quite a number of our Scientists have patents for industrial formulae. These include: Dr. Muranga, Dr. Kyamuhangire, Musasizi, the late Dr. Isharaza, Dr. Mukwaya, Dr. Kaahwa, etc., etc. One of the products being developed, is the Kiira electric car.

Our industrial sector, therefore, will not only depend on processing agricultural and minerals products. It will also benefit from the intellectual labour of our scientists, out of their designs and fabrications, like the electric cars. One of our Scientists Dr. Phillippa Ngaju Makobore, has developed an Electronically Controlled Gravity Feed Infusion Set (ECGF), a medical device designed to accurately administer intravenous (IV) fluids and drugs by controlling the rate of fluid flow based on feedback from a drop sensor. I congratulate all of them.


In order to invigorate our services sector, the government will revive the Uganda Airlines. We have already booked slots for the manufacture of medium and long – distance planes.

These will be able to handle the regional and inter-national routes. Ugandans have an itch in their feet. They like to travel, to Dubai, to China, etc. Besides, we have a large diaspora that run away during the bad times; they are too comfortable where they are and never bother to come back, permanently.

Nevertheless, they regularly travel back to see their families. Besides, we have the tourists and also the investment and business delegations. All these need convenient mode of travel from London, from Dubai or from a point in China.

This is not to talk of regional destination – Nairobi, Dar es Salaam, Kigali, Bujumbura, Arusha, Juba, Khartoum, Kinshasa, Addis-Ababa, Cairo, Johannesburg, etc. Every year, Ugandans spend $430million (Shs. 1.6 trillion) on air-travel.

This is quite a heamorrhage that must stop, just as we are going to stop the haermorrhage occasioned by the phenomenon of medical tourism. This is going to India for medical treatment. This takes another $1.3million per year.


I hear so many people talk about the attainment of the middle-income status by Uganda. The main problem here is, actually, the problem of Uganda importing too much and exporting little. The GDP per capita today is $776. To become a middle income country, you need, at least, $1,006 per capita.

This money is calculated in Dollars. Too much importing and too little exporting undermines the progress to a middle-income status. Therefore, Ugandans, please, buy Ugandan; travel Ugandan; health-wise, be treated in Uganda. The government will facilitate its part as outlines in this speech.

All I have said above is about the economy that is being developed to create wealth and jobs for the Ugandans as well as widening the tax base for the State of Uganda. At the same time, this bigger economy provides more goods and services for Uganda’s domestic consumption and for exports.

Your NRM, always looking ahead, has already negotiated and arranged with our brother and sister Africans to ensure the market integration of Africa (EAC, COMESA, CFTA), so as to provide capacity for the absorption of the greater supply of goods and services produced by the Ugandans awakened to realize their potential as we also buy from our brothers and sisters in Africa, as we all take advantage of the huge collective market of Africa.

Besides the huge continental market we are creating with our African brothers, the NRM always never missing in action when it comes to African issues, we have also negotiated for third party market access to the USA, EU, Chinese, Japanese and Indian markets, in varying degrees.

Hence, ladies and gentlemen, the NRM has addressed or is addressing all the factors that are necessary to open the gates to the Ugandans engaged in wealth and jobs creation. Let everybody, then, play his or her own part.


On the side of stability, Uganda had alot of challenges even after the NRM took power.Eventually, by 2007, the UPDF totally defeated Kony, ADF, the other rebel groups and disarmed the Karimojong. Therefore, rural-based terrorism and banditry was totally defeated and we built military and intelligence capacity to ensure that Uganda will never be threatened by terrorists operating from the rural areas.

The terrorists of ADF are still in Congo, preserved there by the UN and the Congo government. If, however, they were to re-enter Uganda, they would be promptly and decisively defeated.

Some of the terrorists of ADF as well as other criminal elements, seeing that they could not survive in the rural areas, infiltrated into the towns where we had not fully focused in terms of developing intelligence capacity. As a consequence, we had 7 sheiks assassinated as well as Major Kiggundu, Joan Kagezi, AIGP Kaweesi and Susan Magara, of recent.

These killings seem to have been linked with ADF. Other killings, like the women killed in the Entebbe - Wakiso areas, as well as the killings in the Masaka area on New Year’s Eve, were by local criminals using pangas. With this new challenge, we put in place mechanism to build the intelligence gathering capacity in the towns and on the highways.

We are about to round-off the building of that capacity. Urban terrorism and crime will be defeated just as we defeated the rural terrorists. In the meantime, most of the killers of the women in the Entebbe - Wakiso areas as well as the killings in the Masaka area, have been arrested. One of the killers, Kiddawalime, was killed by the wanaichi and our Police Force.

In particular, I want to commend Cadet ASP Twinomugisha Steven, a Police Officer, that wrestled down the criminal and disabled him. With immediate effect, I promote him to the next rank. I also salute our grand-daughter, Nakyambadde, who, using the mobile telephone, summoned for help when the obnoxious Kiddawalime was about to start robbing her and was about to rape her.

With the permission of the Rt. Hon. Speaker, I will decorate them with the Jubilee medal, later. On the kidnappers and killers of Susan Magara, 2 were killed at Usaafi Mosque as they were trying to fight the Police and 8 were arrested.

Regarding the killings of Joan Kagezi, Moslem Sheikhs, AIGP Kaweesi and Major Kiggundu, 90 persons have been arrested and are now facing trial and those not yet arrested are still being hunted. The ADF criminals in Congo will answer for the killings of our people even when they are hiding in Congo. Their only safety is for them to voluntarily surrender and seek for amnesty.

I salute our brothers, the Tanzanians, for arresting and handing over to us Jamil Mukulu. He is now facing the Courts of Law.


The other issue that needs attention is the environment, especially the restoration of the wetlands, preserving the national forests, planting the new commercial forests, not cultivating along the River banks, not allowing cultivation within the 200 metres of the Lake shore and stopping soil erosion by using contours when cultivating in the mountain areas or on the hillsides.

Cultivation or building in the wetlands (ebisharara, enfuujo-bisaaru, ntobazi-bitoogo) should stop. We can economically use the wetlands better when we preserve them and only use the edges for fish ponds. The four fish-ponds, in half an acre of the Presidential farm at Kawumu in Luwero, bring in Shs 64million per year, according to Madam Nakyobe.

This is the right way to use the wetlands so that the centre of the swamp regenerates, preserves water for us because we need it for irrigating the farms. Besides, the swamp grass known as ebigugu (Cyperus latiforia) is very good for mulching the gardens and banana plantations. You cut and the grass grows again.

God had arranged everything for Uganda ─ water, ebigugu, ebifuunjo for paper making (known as papyrus), fish in the wetlands, mud-fish (eshoonzi), etc. We can now use the edges (emiiga) for fish farming, get much more money and preserve our wetlands with all our other benefits.

Moreover, the swamp vegetation also filters the water so that, by the time it goes into the Lakes and Rivers, it is free of silt. This, preserves the Lakes and Rivers from silting and also preserves the quality of the water. When it comes to purifying water for consumption, it costs us less.


There is no part of Uganda where there is no branch of the government. There is a government at the district (elected and appointed), there is a government at the sub-county and there is a government at the parish (the Muruka chief).

There is no good reason, therefore, why the President and the Central government should be harassed for this whole hierarchy of the structures not doing their job. Therefore, I am going to write a directive in the form of a circular letter to all these galaxy of officials to ensure that all the services in their area are delivered properly.

They should ensure that there are no ghosts in the Local Government Secondary and Primary Schools; that teachers teach; that there are drugs in the health centres; that the farmers follow the required agricultural practices; that the wetlands are not invaded; that the Lake shores are not cultivated; etc.

The Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) in the district is the Permanent Secretary of the Government in the district. All his workers, the Gombolola chiefs and the Miruka chiefs, should not allow anything to go wrong in the areas of their responsibility.

I will create an Inspection Unit in my office ─ State House. If they go to an area and there is anything wrong, that official and the CAO will be held responsible. I cannot fail to talk about mercenarism of the public officials and corruption of some of them.

The mercenarism interferes with the patriotic attitude of the freedom fighters. People expect money for every little task. We could not have liberated this country if we did not have a high degree of altruism. This attitude of altruism must come back. As for the corrupt officials, I would like to inform the public that their only element of security is the acquaissance of the public by not reporting these criminals.

Otherwise, there is no criminal, we cannot handle. Report any corruption you come across to this unit. It will comprise of Mr. James Tweheyo, Ms. Martha Asiimwe and Sister Akiror. They will give out their telephone numbers.

What happened to the IGG? Why don’t the victims of corruption report those incidents to the office of the IGG?

That was the purpose of that office; to protect the public from corrupt officials; to protect the investors against corrupt officials. The IGG should reflect on this. Are her staff credible? Why does the public not trust that institution? We need answers.

In order to help the Muruka chief monitor economic production activities and service delivery in his area, the government should give each one of them a bicycle. It is quiet and healthy for the chief to peddle around and inspect. The motor-cycles of the Gombolola chiefs should be replaced.

The old ones, given out in the financial year 2007/2008, are too old by now. In the area of Sports, Uganda is beginning to come up, again. The best sports performance by Ugandans was that of Akii Bua in the 400 metres hurdles of 1972 in the Munich Olympics.

Since the 1950s, I had been following the sports events and the achievements of our people. Etolu in Vancouver in 1954 in the high jump, Tom Kawere in boxing in Cardiff in 1959, Grace Seruwagi in boxing in 1960, etc., etc.

Therefore, the recent star performances of the young sportsmen like Kiprotich, gold in the London Olympics of 2012, Kipsiro, gold in 2014 in Glasgow, Cheptegei in the recent Commonwealth games, etc., revive and re-inforce the good performance of the fore-runners of sports in modern Uganda.

Yet, we have not yet put systematic efforts into sports beyond the peace brought to the country, the immunization of the young people, the UPE and USE as well as the absorption of the youth with talent into the disciplined forces of Uganda (Prisons, Police, UPDf, etc).

Let the Ministry of Health sensitize our people more on nutrition in early childhood and, when funds are available, more systematic annual schools and districts competitions to be able to identify talent early enough. The potential in Uganda is huge. In the budget, the Minister of Finance will give more details about the plans for the economy.

I wish to end this address by thanking Parliament for handling the following legislations during the last session: BILLS ENACTED

  • 1. The Bio-fuels Bill 2017;
  • 2. The Constitution (Amendment) NO 2 Bill; 2017
  • 3. The Supplementary Appropriation Bill 2017;
  • 4. The Supplementary Appropriation No 2 Bill 2018;
  • 5. The Appropriation Bill 2018;
  • 6. The Stamp Duty (Amendment) Bill 2018;
  • 7. The Excise Duty ( Amendment) Bill 2018;
  • 8. The Income Tax ( Amendment) Bill 2018;
  • 9. The Value Added Tax (Amendment) Bill 2018;
  • 10. The Tax Procedures Code(Amendment) Bill 2018;
  • 11. The Tax Appeals Tribunal(Amendment) Bill 2018;
  • 12. The Traffic and Road Safety(Amendment) Bill 2018;
  • 13. The Lotteries and Gaming (Amendment) Bill 2018.

In the coming session, the government will present the following Bills: PROPOSED LEGISLATIVE PROGRAMME FOR FINANCIAL YEAR 2018/2019 S/NO MINISTRY Ministry of Foreign Affairs

  • 1 The Uganda Institute for Diplomacy and International Affairs (UIDIA), Bill.
  • 2 Foreign service Bill Ministry of Public Service
  • 3 Public Service Pension Fund Bill,
  • 4 Human Resource Management Professionals Bill Ministry of Finance, Planning & Economic Development
  • 5 Income Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2019
  • 6 VAT (Amendment) Bill, 2019
  • 7 Excise Tariff (Amendment) Bill, 2019
  • 8 Stamps Duty (Amendment) Bill, 2019
  • 9 Finance Bill, 2019
  • 10 Tax Procedures Code (Amendment) Bill, 2019
  • 11 Supplementary Appropriation Bill, 2019
  • 12 Appropriation Bill, 2019
  • 14 Annual Budget Estimates for FY2019/20 - Motion
  • 15 Corrigenda for FY2019/20 - Motion 16 Budget Speech FY2019/20 - Motion
  • 17 National Budget Framework Paper FY2019/20 – Motion
  • 18 Semi Annual Budget Performance Report FY2018/19 – Motion
  • 19 National payment systems.
  • 20 BOU Amendment Bill
  • 21 PPDA
  • 22 Foreign Exchange Amendment Bill.
  • 23 Anti-Money Laundering (Amendment) Bill. Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development
  • 24 Uganda Land Commission Bill
  • 25 Land Lord –Tenant Bill Ministry of Trade, Industry and Cooperatives
  • 26 The National Accreditation Bill
  • 27 The Legal Metrology Bill
  • 28 The Industrial and Science Metrology Bill
  • 29 The Consumer Protection Bill
  • 30 The Competition Bill Ministry of Works and Transport
  • 31 The Engineers Registration Act (Amendment) Bill
  • 32 The Roads Bill Ministry of Education, Science, Technology and Sports
  • 33 National Curriculum Development Centre (NCDC) (Amendment) Bill.
  • 34 Physical Activity and Sports (PAS) Bill.
  • 35 Uganda National Examination Board Act (UNEB) Amendment Bill. 36 The Nakivubo War Memorial Stadium (Amendment) Bill.
  • 36 The Universities and Other Tertiary Institutions (UOTI) Act (Amendment) Bill Ministry of Health
  • 37 National Food and Drug Authority Bill
  • 38 Public Health Act
  • 39 Organ and Tissue Transplant Bill
  • 40 Pharmacy Bill Ministry of Defence and Veteran Affairs
  • 41 The Uganda Peoples Defence Forces and Veterans Bill, 2017

In conclusion, I want to remind the listeners that Uganda is un-stoppable given what we have done in the field of: Army building; building the other security forces; in education; in health; the ICT backbone; the roads; electricity; in agricultural research for improved seeds, disease control and improved agro-practices; what we are planning to do to deal with the cost of money for borrowing; and the work already done on the issue of the continental market integration and access to third Party markets.

What remains to be done is build the Standard Gauge Railway with the branches to Kasese, Kakitumba and South Sudan. I did not talk about the oil and gas because all the work is already done.

It is just implementation that is remaining. The oil revenues will, obviously help us to fund our infrastructure and innovation programmes. The future is bright.

Let us tighten discipline. Madam Speaker, It is my pleasure to declare the 3rd Session of the 10th Parliament open. I thank you very much and hope that the coming Session will be fruitful.

2 weeks 2 days ago